NGC 2392

Planetary Nebula NGC 2392, type 3b+3, (= H IV.45) in Gemini

Eskimo Nebula, Clown Nebula

[NGC 2392, Erik Bryssinck]
Right Ascension 07 : 29.2 (h:m)
Declination +20 : 55 (deg:m)
Distance 3 (kly)
Visual brightness 9.1 (mag)
Apparent Dimension 0.7 (arc min)

William Herschel discovered this planetary nebula on January 17, 1787 and cataloged it as H IV.45. John Herschel observed it from England in the 1820s and numbered it as h 450, and included it in the 1864 General Catalogue as GC 1532; this became NGC 2392 in J.L.E. Dreyer's New General Catalogue of 1888.

Because of its double-shell morphology, this nebula exhibits a particular appearance, so that it was named the Eskimo or the Clown or Clown Face Nebula.

The nebula has a visual brightness of 9.1 mag, while it is only 9.9 mag photographically. The central star, cataloged as HD 59088, is of visual magnitude 10.5 and spectral type O7f, and thus seen quite easily by visual observers. Its distance is not very well known, and estimated sometimes at some 3,000 light years.

The image above was obtained by Erik Bryssinck of Belgium, as one of his first CCD astrophotos, taken from about 7 km from Antwrp. He used an inexpensive Connectix b&w webcam which he has modified to a peltier cooled webcam.

[NGC 2392, AOP/KPNO] The image at right was obtained by Glenn Hitchcock and Bob Cowart during their stay at the Advanced Observing Program of the Kitt Peak National Observatory's Visitor Center. They used the AOP's Meade 16-inch LX200 telescope operating at f/6.3, and an SBIG ST7E CCD camera with color filter wheel. Exposure time was L = 25 min, Red = 4 min, Green = 4 min, Blue = 8 min.
Credit: Glenn Hitchcock and Bob Cowart/Adam Block/AURA/NOAO/NSF

  • Images of NGC 2392 from the Advanced Observing Program

  • Hubble Space Telescope image of NGC 2392

  • SIMBAD Data of NGC 2392
  • Observing Reports for NGC 2392 (IAAC Netastrocatalog)
  • NGC Online data for NGC 2392

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