The schedule below was underlying Mars Exploration until the old Mars Surveyor program was revised because of the Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander failures in late 1998 and early 1999. To be launched 2001: To be launched 2003: To be launched 2005: Note: Some missions are still in the early planning stage.

For the time after 2005, a continuation of the research missions is planned. Possible options are to repeat the 2003-2005 orbiter/lander/sample return missions in 2007-2009 and 2011-2013. Detailed plans are still to be worked out, and should utilize the newly acquired knowledge of the current and scheduled Mars missions. Nasa officials have expressed their intention that these efforts should eventually be leading to a Mars mission with a human crew to be launched in 2018 (and to arrive at Mars in 2019), and to begin an era of permanent human presence on our neighbor planet. Moreover, this date is continuously under discussion with the aim to do the mission sooner; the earliest (now outdated) proposition was a crewed mission as early as 2007, while CNN has reported plans for a crewed mission in 2012 !

As of 26 Feb 1999, 13:00 MET

Hartmut Frommert [contact]

[Mars] | [Spider] @ [SEDS]

Last Modification: April 8, 2001